Yoon-Jin Kim a, Sae mi Yoo a, Hwan Hee Park a, Hye Jin Lim a, Yu-Lee Kim a, Seunghee Lee a, Kwang-Won Seo a, *, Kyung-Sun Kang b, ** a Stem Cells and Regenerative Bioengineering Institute, Kangstem Biotech CO., LTD., 2nd Floor, Biotechnology Center, #81 Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, South Korea b Adult Stem Cell Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, South Korea
Abstract: Human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UCB-MSCs) play an important role in cutaneous wound healing, and recent studies suggested that MSC-derived exosomes activate several signaling pathways, which are conducive in wound healing and cell growth. In this study, we investigated the roles of exosomes that are derived from USC-CM (USC-CM Exos) in cutaneous collagen synthesis and permeation. We found that USC-CM has various growth factors associated with skin rejuvenation. Our in vitro results showed that USC-CM Exos integrate in Human Dermal Fibroblasts (HDFs) and consequently promote cell migration and collagen synthesis of HDFs. Moreover, we evaluated skin permeation of USC-CM Exos by using human skin tissues. Results showed that Exo-Green labeled USC-CM Exos approached the outermost layer of the epidermis after 3 h and gradually approached the epidermis after 18 h. Moreover, increased expressions of Collagen I and Elastin were found after 3 days of treatment on human skin. The results showed that USC-CM Exos is absorbed into human skin, it promotes Collagen I and Elastin synthesis in the skin, which are essential to skin rejuvenation and shows the potential of USC-CM integration with the cosmetics or therapeutics.